Thursday, 24 March 2016

Station 12: Jesus dies on the cross

rather, he made himself nothing
by taking the very nature[a] of a servant,
being made in human likeness.

And being found in appearance as a man,
he humbled himself
by becoming obedient to death—
even death on a cross!
Philippians 2:7-8


Antony van Dyck - Crucifixion

Anthony van Dyck painted the crucifixion in 1622. Anthony van Dyck studied under Peter Paul Rubens and was one of his most accomplished students. Van Dyck's career flourished and he went on to become England's leading court painter. Using his own compositional techniques, van Dyck was soon ranked alongside Titian in terms of style and the relaxed elegance of his portraits helped shape English portraiture for almost two centuries. The bold use of colour, like Rubens, the Italian drama style made van Dyck to a successful Flemish painter.

Velazquez - Crucifixion
 
Christ Crucified is a 1632 painting by Diego Velázquez (1599-1660) depicting the Crucifixion of Jesus. The work, painted in oil on canvas, measures 249 × 170 cm and is owned by the Museo del Prado. 

Velázquez master, Francisco Pacheco, a big supporter of classicist painting, painted the crucified Christ using the same iconography later adopted by Velázquez: four nails, feet together and supported against a little wooden brace. Both arms draw a subtle curve, instead of forming a triangle. The loincloth is painted rather small, thus showing the nude body as much as possible. The head shows a narrow halo, as if it came from the figure itself; the face is resting on the chest, showing just enough of his features. The long, straight hair covers a great part of the face, perhaps foreshadowing the death, already inflicted as shown by the wound on the right side. It lacks the characteristic dramatic qualities of Baroque van Dyck painting.

Salvador Dalí - Christ of Saint John of the Cross
 
Christ of Saint John of the Cross is a painting by Salvador Dalí made in 1951. It depicts Jesus Christ on the cross in a darkened sky floating over a body of water complete with a boat and fishermen. Although it is a depiction of the crucifixion, it is devoid of nails, blood, and a crown of thorns, because, according to Dalí, he was convinced by a dream that these features would mar his depiction of Christ. Also in a dream, the importance of depicting Christ in the extreme angle evident in the painting was revealed to him.

The painting is known as the Christ of Saint John of the Cross, because its design is based on a drawing by the 16th-century Spanish friar John of the Cross. The composition of Christ is also based on a triangle and circle (the triangle is formed by Christ's arms; the circle is formed by Christ's head). The triangle, since it has three sides, can be seen as a reference to the Trinity, and the circle may refer to Platonic thought.

In order to create the figure of Christ, Dalí had Hollywood stuntman Russell Saunders suspended from an overhead gantry, so he could see how the body would appear from the desired angle. The depicted body of water is the bay of Port Lligat, Dalí's residence at the time of the painting.

6 comments:

  1. Of all of these, Anthony van Dyck's painting really shows the stress and strain on the muscles and the body. Yes, Dali's does show some of that but it's a bit too unrealistic.

    Thanks for all your hard work in researching and posting all this when you are recovering. Hope you are doing better...sending prayers and healing energy.

    Hugs and blessings...Cat

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    1. You are so right about the Van Dyck painting. Van Dyck's paintings are all stunning...

      I hope you liked them all, Cat...

      Han

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  2. The first one is the most realistic....and part of me thinks that realism is what is needed for this station of the cross. But the Dali one draws me in....not sure why...
    hugs abby

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    1. The Dali one was new for me. I was blown away. Really, disturbed...

      Never seen from above. Every time I see it is so impressive.

      Han

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  3. I like Dali`s too.
    Very impressive.

    No, I like all Three.. smile.

    Thank you, Han,

    Mona Lisa

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    Replies
    1. I think all tree are very impressive...

      Han

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